• The highest cause of child HIV/AIDS is mother to child transmission (MTCT). Other than MTCT other ways of contracting the disease among children has been sexual contract including sexual abuse, blood transfusion, unsterile syringes, and intravenous drug use.
  • Children less than 15 years of age account for 7% (1.45 lakh) of all infections.
  • An approximation for the number of children affected by AIDS varies greatly.
  • According to UNICEF India there are 2.2 Lakh children infected by HIV/AIDS in India. It is approximated that every year 55,000 to 60,000 children are born to mothers who are HIV positive. 30% of these children are likely to be infected.
  • Young children progress through the disease at a much faster rate. 33% of children with HIV die within the first 12 months, 50% by 24 months and 60% by 36 months.
  • For young children early detection, nutritional supplements and medical treatment especially antiretroviral therapy is essential for survival.
  • The number of AIDS orphans is expected to double in next five years.
  • Child affected by AIDS need medical treatment, counselling, support from extended families, and other non-institutional care, and help with medical care for parents so as not to create debt and need for child labour.
  • Due to the pervasive stigma surrounding HIV, most orphanages are not willing to care for children who test positive.
  • Communities and care Institutions are unable to resist the fear that the illness generates in the community.
  • Orphaned children living with HIV face blatant discrimination at majority of orphanages and institutions in India.
  • Often extended families abandon and reject children living with HIV
  • When they are admitted to orphanages, all children are tested for HIV.